Queen Elizabeth II has created several landmarks in her record-breaking 70 years on the throne.
Elizabeth reigned 70 years and nearly four months – more than any other king in British history. The previous record was held by his great-grandmother, Queen Victoria, who ruled for 63 years, seven months and two days until 1901.
At 96, Elizabeth is the world’s oldest current king and head of state.
Only two kings have long ruled: Louis XIV of France – more than 72 years between 1643 and 1715 – and Bhumibol Adulyadej of Thailand – 70 years and four months, until his death in October 2016.
The Queen has traveled to more than 100 countries since 1952 – another record for a British monarch – and has visited more than 150 Commonwealth countries.
He has been to Canada 22 times – more than any other country. In Europe, he has visited France the most – 13 times – and speaks that language
The Daily Telegraph estimates that at the age of 89, he traveled the world 42 times before stopping traveling abroad in November 2015.
His longest foreign tour lasted 168 days from November 1953 to May 1954, during which time he visited 13 countries.
As a 21-year-old princess, Elizabeth pledged her life in the service of the Commonwealth.
As queen, she has completed nearly 21,000 engagements, given royal assent to 4,000 laws, and hosted 112 state visits by foreign heads of state.
He hosted Ethiopian Emperor Haile Selassie (1954), Emperor Hirohito of Japan (1971), Polish President Lech Waেসাsa (1991) and US President Barack Obama (2011).
More than 180 garden parties have been held at Buckingham Palace, with more than 1.5 million people in attendance.
Politics and religion
A total of 14 British Prime Ministers have served under the Queen. His first was Winston Churchill (1952-1955) and last was Boris Johnson from 2019.
He held regular private meetings with the Prime Minister during his day, usually at Buckingham Palace on a weekly basis.
Elizabeth II has met with 13 of the last 14 U.S. presidents, with the exception of Lyndon B. Johnson. His last visitor from the White House was Joe Biden in 2021.
The Queen is the supreme governor of the Church of England, a position dating back to the 16th century when the church was built under Henry VIII.
He met four popes on an official visit – John XXIII (1961), John Paul II (1980, 1982 and 2000), Benedict XVI (2010) and Francis I (2014).
The Queen has sent nearly 300,000 congratulatory cards to centenarians and more than 900,000 couples celebrating 60 years of marriage.
They were married for 73 years – another record for a British king. Her husband Prince Philip died in April last year at the age of 99.
The queen has posed for more than 200 portraits since she was seven years old. Most were painted in the traditional style. But Lucien Freud’s writing in 2001 proved controversial: one critic said it made his glory look like his corgy dog.
In 1996, the Queen became the first British monarch to visit mainland China. He was the first to address the House of Representatives in Washington.
He sent his first email on March 26, 1976, during a visit to a research facility at the Ministry of Defense.
In 1997, he launched the Buckingham Palace website and sent his first tweet in 2014. Three years ago, he made his debut on Instagram.
The queen is the only king to have jumped out of a helicopter with James Bond and parachuted into the opening ceremony of the Olympics. Kind of.
Before making a stuntman jump, he and his favorite Korgis played a small role with 007 actor Daniel Craig at the 2012 London Games.
(Except for the title, this story was not edited by NDTV staff and was published from a syndicated feed.)