A case of rare and potentially dangerous monkeypox has been confirmed in the United States following reports of infection across Europe.
According to the Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the infected person recently moved to Canada and is now receiving treatment at a hospital. The Department of Health says the lawsuit does not pose a risk to the public.
The lawsuit, the first in the United States so far this year, follows reports of scattered cases in Europe, including seven in the United Kingdom and others in Portugal and Spain. Health officials in Canada are investigating 13 cases in Montreal, Radio Canada reported.
So what are monkeypox, and you should be worried?
What is a monkeypox?
Monkeypox is a rare, usually mild infection, usually caught from infected wild animals in some parts of Africa. It was first discovered in a monkey kept for research in 1958 – hence the name – with the first human case recorded in 1970, according to the CDC. According to the NHS website in the United Kingdom, the disease is a relative of smallpox, which often causes rashes on the face.
How can you catch it?
Monkeypox can be caught by biting an infected animal or touching its blood, body fluids or fur. It is thought to be spread by rats, such as rats, rats and squirrels. The disease can also be contracted by eating the meat of an infected animal that has not been properly cooked.
It is very unusual to catch monkeypox from humans, as it does not spread easily among humans. It is possible to spread the disease by touching the clothes, bed or towel used by someone infected with the rash. The disease can also be spread by touching the skin blisters or scabs of monkeypox or by going too close to an infected person’s cough and sneeze.
What are the symptoms of monkeypox?
If you are infected with monkeypox, it usually takes five to 21 days for the first symptoms to appear. These include fever, headache, muscle aches, back pain, swollen glands, shivering and fatigue.
A rash usually appears one to five days after experiencing these symptoms. The rash is sometimes confused with chickenpox, as it starts as raised spots that turn into small scabs filled with fluid. Symptoms usually clear up in two to four weeks and the scab falls off.
Can a monkeypox kill you?
According to the World Health Organization, a study in Central Africa, where people have less access to quality healthcare, shows that the disease kills one in 10 infected people. However, most patients recover within a few weeks.
Is there a remedy?
There is currently no specific treatment for monkeypox. Patients should usually stay in a specialist hospital so that the infection does not spread and the general symptoms can be treated.
(Except for the title, this story was not edited by NDTV staff and was published from a syndicated feed.)