May 31 is World No Tobacco Day to raise awareness about the dangers of smoking. Tobacco use kills more than eight million people worldwide each year. In addition to human consumption, tobacco use also degrades the environment.
Tobacco use is expected to adversely affect efforts to achieve the UN-adopted Sustainable Development Agenda by 2030, which aims to reduce tobacco-related deaths by one-third by that time.
The member countries of the World Health Organization agreed to observe May 31, 1987, World No Tobacco Day. Since then, this day has been marked every year with a relevant theme. This year’s theme is ‘Protect the environment’. According to the WHO, “The harmful effects of the tobacco industry on the environment are huge and growing, adding unnecessary pressure to our planet’s already scarce resources and fragile ecosystems.”
Each year, the World Health Organization honors governments, organizations, and individuals for their efforts and contributions to preventing tobacco use. This year, WHO has selected Jharkhand for World No Tobacco Day (WNTD) Award-2022. India runs a national tobacco control program to educate people about the health effects of tobacco use. It also helps in formulating policies and initiatives that can help the country achieve its goals. The program was expanded to Jharkhand in 2012.
Tobacco use can lead to lung cancer, which is more common in people with a history of cigarette smoking. About 80 to 90 percent of people with lung cancer have a history of smoking. Tobacco is the leading cause of death in men and the second leading cause when both men and women are included.